Household Hygiene Improvement Survey
One mandate of the USAID-funded Partners for Health Reformplus (PHRplus) in Yemen is to design pilot interventions that focus on environmental issues impacting health. An early assessment in the Thula district, in Amran governorate, identified diarrheal disease, acute respiratory infection, and parasitic diseases as major causes of child morbidity; these ailments are caused by or related to environmental factors. A household environmental knowledge, attitudes/perceptions, and practices (KAP) survey was conducted to gain a better understanding of current knowledge, beliefs, and practices of district households in relation to water, sanitation, and hygiene so that specific needs of the districtís communities may be better understood.
Survey findings indicate:
- a serious lack of access to safe water in at least half of the surveyed communities;
- a frequent lack of knowledge and protective practices related to effective handwashing and sanitation measures;
- the existence of householder concerns about the inadequacy of community solid waste disposal practices; and
- a general lack of awareness and information about healthy school environments and ways to improve the environments of their local schools.
As a result of the findings, pilot project activities will be initiated, in cooperation with local participants, in communities identified as most in need of a targeted. A set of cost-effective interventions including hygiene promotion, cistern rehabilitation/unprotected spring management, solid waste management/recycling, and healthy schools will be made available.